The gender pay gap is a high level indicator of the difference between women and men’s earnings. The gender pay gap compares the median hourly earnings of women and men in full and part-time work.
In 2014, there was a gender pay gap of 9.9 percent.
Since the late 1990s the gender pay gap has been steadily reducing (see the table below). However, women still earn significantly less than men. Causes of the gender pay gap include occupational segregation, unconscious bias in the workforce and lack of flexible work. These factors, and the hours women work (one in three women work less than 30 hours per week) meant that in 2014 women earned $300 less per week than men.
Gender pay gap
Source: Statistics New Zealand: New Zealand Income Survey
The median is used because it is less likely to be skewed by very high wages. It is also used internationally.